ERTH 260: Physical Processes in the Atmosphere
SFSU, Spring 2017
Topics, Handouts, Assignments
Prof. John Monteverdi
Dept. of Earth & Climate Sciences
Links Links
     
Some Resources

Forecast Products

Radar and Satellite

Sounding Sources

Designed Readings Graded Assignments* Graded Quizzes*

Class Grading

Summarized in Syllabus

Inclass Excercises

Inclass Exercise 1 and Key: The Surface Weather Map (Avg. 77.0; High 99, Low 38)

Inclass Exercise 2 and Key: The Significance of the Dew Point Temperature(Avg 97.0; High 100, Low 85, Two not turned in)

Inclass Exercise 3 and Key: Introduction to Boundaries on Synoptic Charts(Avg 94.0; High 100, Low 80, Two not turned in)

Inclass Exercise 4 and Key: Inputs/Outputs/Net Change--Budget Approach to Understanding Lake Oroville Issues (100 points)(Avg 93.8; High 100, Low 75, One not turned in)

Inclass Exercise 5 and Key: Working With Weather Maps and Soundings:  Finding Pressure Features and Fronts(Avg 98.8; High 100, Low 94, One not turned in)

Inclass Exercise 6 and Key: Student Discussion of Severe Weather Outbreak of May 1, 2008 (master) (Avg 92.6; High 100, Low 84, Two Not Turned In)

Inclass Exercise 7 and Key: Working with Soundings: Relative Humidity and Mixing Ratio Lines (Distributed Wednesday 15 March; Due Friday 17 March 2017)


Homeworks

Homework 1 and Key: What do we need to know to understand the Joplin Tornadic Thunderstorm (Avg.89.3; High 100, Low 64, One not turned in)

Homework 2 and Key: Working with Coordinate Systems and Graph Paper (Avg.89.3; High 100, Low 44, Two not turned in)

Homework 3 and Key: Weather Maps, Weather Features, and Soundings(Avg 98.6; High 100, Low 95, Two not turned in)

Homework #4 and Key: Lofting Air Parcels and Relative Temperature Differences at a Given Level:  Environmental vs Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate(Avg 98.9; High 100, Low 90)

Homework #5 and Key: Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate (Avg. 96.5; High 100, Low 92, 2 Not Turned In)

Homework #6 and Key: First Law of Thermodynamics and the Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate (Avg. 95.3; High 100, Low 65, 1 Not Turned In))

Homework #7 and Key: Isentropes and Isohumes on Thermodynamic Diagrams(Distributed Friday 17 March; Due Wednesday 29 March 2017)

Note: All quizzes converted to 100 points each.

Quizzes

Quiz #1 and Key: Friday 10 February
(Avg. 83.9; High 100, Low 59; Two not turned in)

Quiz #2 and Key: Friday 24 February
(Avg. 85.4; High 98, Low 66)

Quiz #3 and Key: Friday10 March
(Avg. 94.8; High 100, Low 83)

Quiz #4: Wednesday 5 April


Labs

Lab Exercise 1 and Key: Establishing the Significance of the Weather Pattern associated with the Joplin Tornado and the Effectiveness of the Forewarning (Avg. 89.6; High 98, Low70)

Lab Exercise 2 and Key: Basic Quantitative and Conceptual Problem Sovling(Avg 94.1; High 100, Low 89, Two not turned in)

Lab Exercise 3 and Key: Hypothesis Formation (Avg. 95.4; High 100, Low 86; One not turned in)

Lab Exercise 4 and Key: Understanding the Concept of the Gas Law(Avg. 95.8; High 100, Low 76)

Lab Exercise 5 and Key: Understanding the Gas Law(Avg. 95.7; High 100, Low 77)

Lab Exercise 6 and Key:Joplin Tornado Day--Relationship of Soundings to Horizontal Plots (Group Effort 100; One Not Turned In)

Lab Exercise 7 and Key: Adjusting the Gas Law for Variations in the Gas Constant Due to Water Vapor: Dry Line Example (Distributed Friday 10 March; Due End of Class Friday 17 March 2017)

 

Lab Exercise 11: Portfolio

 

Class Session of Topics

Reading, Lab, In-Class Exercise or
Written Assignment

Readings are chosen carefully, and are focussed. Stull readings are more terse, advanced and quantitative...we will do some of the numerical problems in Stull.

Mar 15 and 17

Inquiry Based Learning Exercise: The May 22, 2011 Joplin MO Tornadic (EF-5) Thunderstorm

JoplinRadarReflectivitySmall

animation]


Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Meteorological Background Needed to Understand Severe Thunderstorms Specifically

Basic Definitions

Understanding Weather Observations

Understanding the Basic Reason for Updrafts in Thunderstorms

Principles of Physical Meteorology

Activity of the Day

Quizzes

  • Quiz #4: Wednesday 5 April

Inclass Exercise

  • Inclass Exercise 7 and Key: Working with Soundings: Relative Humidity and Mixing Ratio Lines (Distributed Friday 15 March; Due Friday 17 March 2017)

Homework

Homework #6 and Key: First Law of Thermodynamics and the Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate (Distributed Wednesday 8 March; Due Wednesday 15 March 2017)

Homework #7 and Key: Isentropes and Isohumes on Thermodynamic Diagrams(Distributed Friday 17 March; Due Wednesday 29 March 2017)

Laboratory

Lab Exercise 7 and Key: Adjusting the Gas Law for Variations in the Gas Constant Due to Water Vapor: Dry Line Example (Distributed Friday 10 March; Due End of Class Friday 17 March 2017)

Mar 8 and 10

Inquiry Based Learning Exercise: The May 22, 2011 Joplin MO Tornadic (EF-5) Thunderstorm

JoplinRadarReflectivitySmall

animation]


Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Meteorological Background Needed to Understand Severe Thunderstorms Specifically

Basic Definitions

Understanding Weather Observations

Understanding the Basic Reason for Updrafts in Thunderstorms

Principles of Physical Meteorology

Activity of the Day

Quizzes

  • Quiz #3: Friday10 March

Inclass Exercise

Homework

Homework #6 and Key: First Law of Thermodynamics and the Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate (Distributed Wednesday 8 March; Due Wednesday 15 March 2017)

Laboratory

Lab Exercise 7 and Key: Adjusting the Gas Law for Variations in the Gas Constant Due to Water Vapor: Dry Line Example (Distributed Friday 10 March; Due End of Class Friday 17 March 2017)

Lab Exercise 6 and Key: Joplin Tornado Day--Relationship of Soundings to Horizontal Plots (Distributed Friday 3 March; Due End of Class Friday 10 March 2017)

Mar 1 and 3

Inquiry Based Learning Exercise: The May 22, 2011 Joplin MO Tornadic (EF-5) Thunderstorm

JoplinRadarReflectivitySmall

animation]


Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Understanding Weather Observations

Understanding the Basic Reason for Updrafts in Thunderstorms

Principles of Physical Meteorology

Activity of the Day

Quizzes

  • Quiz #3: Friday10 March

Inclass Exercise

Inclass Exercise 6 and Key: Student Discussion of Severe Weather Outbreak of May 1, 2008 (OKC Hailstorm) (Due Friday March 3, 2017 at 11AM)

Homework

Homework #5:  Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate (Distributed Wednesday 1 March; Due Wednesday 8 March 2017)

Laboratory

Lab Exercise 6: Joplin Tornado Day--Relationship of Soundings to Horizontal Plots (Distributed Friday 3 March; Due End of Class Friday 10 March 2017)

 

Feb 22 and 24

Inquiry Based Learning Exercise: The May 22, 2011 Joplin MO Tornadic (EF-5) Thunderstorm

JoplinRadarReflectivitySmall

animation]


Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Understanding Weather Observations

Understanding the Basic Reason for Updrafts in Thunderstorms

Principles of Physical Meteorology

Activity of the Day

Quizzes

Inclass Exercise

Inclass Exercise 5 and Key: Working With Weather Maps and Soundings:  Finding Pressure Features and Fronts (Due Wednesday March 1, 2017 at beginning of Class)

Homework

Homework #4:  Lofting Air Parcels and Relative Temperature Differences at a Given Level:  Environmental vs Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate (Distributed Wednesday 22 February; Due Wednesday 1 March 2017)

Laboratory

Lab Exercise 5 and Key: Understanding the Gas Law (Distributed Wednesday 1 March; Due End of Class Friday 3 March 2017)

February 15 and 17

Inquiry Based Learning Exercise: The May 22, 2011 Joplin MO Tornadic (EF-5) Thunderstorm

JoplinRadarReflectivitySmall

animation]


Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Meteorological Background Needed to Understand Severe Thunderstorms Specifically

Understanding Weather Observations

Activity of the Day

  • New Readings for Week (Complete by Wednesday 24 Feb):
      • Stull: Chapter 2, pp. 30-32; 36-37; 39-40; 41-43; 44-45; Chapter 10, pp. 289 to top of 293
      • Vasquez: pp. 9-19
      • Primitive Equations (Gas Law, Second Law of Motion, Hydrostatic Law)
      • Derived Relationships(Poisson's Relation)

Quizzes

  • Quiz 2: Friday 26 February

Inclass Exercise

In-class Exercise 4: Inputs/Outputs/Net Change--Budget Approach to Understanding Lake Oroville Issues (100 points)(Distributed Wednesday 15 February; Due Wednesday 22 February 2017)

Inclass Exercise 5 and Key: Working With Weather Maps and Soundings:  Finding Pressure Features and Fronts (Due Wednesday Feb 24, 2017 at End of Class)

Homework

Homework 3: Weather Maps, Weather Features, and Soundings (Distributed Wednesday 15 February; Due Wednesday 22 February 2017)

Laboratory

Lab Exercise 4: Understanding the Concept of the Gas Law(Distributed Friday 17 February; Due Friday 24 February 2017)

Lab Exercise 3: Hypothesis Formation (Distributed Friday 10 February; Due Friday 17 February 2017)

February 8 and 10

Inquiry Based Learning Exercise: The May 22, 2011 Joplin MO Tornadic (EF-5) Thunderstorm

JoplinRadarReflectivitySmall

animation]


Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Meteorological Background Needed to Understand Severe Thunderstorms Specifically

Understanding Weather Observations

Inclass Activity of the Day

Assignments

Quizzes

  • Quiz #1 and Key: Friday 12 February (discussed on Wednesday 10 February)

Inclass Exercise

Inclass Exercise 3: Introduction to Boundaries on Synoptic Charts (Due Wednesday 15 February 2017)

Homework

Homework 2: Working with Coordinate Systems and Graph Paper (Distributed Friday 3 February; Due Friday 10 February 2017)

Homework 3: Weather Maps, Weather Features, and Soundings (Distributed Wednesday 15 February; Due Wednesday 22 February 2017)

Laboratory

Lab Exercise 2: Basic Quantitative and Conceptual Problem Solving (Due Wednesday 8 February 2017)

Lab Exercise 3: Hypothesis Formation (Distributed Friday 10 February; Due Friday 17 February 2017)

February 1 and 3

Inquiry Based Learning Exercise: The May 22, 2011 Joplin MO Tornadic (EF-5) Thunderstorm

JoplinRadarReflectivitySmall

animation]


Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Tools Needed to Visualize and Characterize Clouds and Precipitation

Understanding Weather Observations

Inclass Activity of the Day

Assignments

Inclass Exercise 2: The Significance of the Dew Point Temperature(Due Wednesday 8 February 2017)

Homework

Laboratory

  • Lab Exercise 1: Establishing the Significance of the Weather Pattern associated with the Joplin Tornado and the Effectiveness of the Forewarning (Due Wednesday 1 February 2017)

Quizzes

  • First Quiz: Friday 10 February (discussed on Wednesday 8 February)
January 25 and 27

Syllabus

Introduction and Perspective

Inquiry Based Learning Exercise: The May 22, 2011 Joplin MO Tornadic (EF-5) Thunderstorm

JoplinRadarReflectivitySmall

animation]


Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Background on the Event

Storm Prediction Center Severe Weather Events Archive

All students should purchase a cheap set of colored pencils and a cheap calculator.

Meteorological Background Needed to Understand Severe Thunderstorms Specifically

Meteorological Tools Needed to Visualize and Characterize Clouds and Precipitation

Understanding Weather Observations

 

Inclass Activity of the Day

Assignments

  • Inclass Exercise 1: The Surface Weather Map (Due Wednesday 1 February 2017)

Page 1/Page 2/Page 3
Weather Observation Plot
Inclass Exercise 1 and Surface Plot

Quizzes

  • First Quiz: Friday 10 February (discussed on Wednesday 8 February)

Homework

  • Homework 1: What do we need to know to understand the Joplin Tornadic Thunderstorm?(Due Wednesday 1 February 2017)

Laboratory

  • Lab Exercise 1: Establishing the Significance of the Weather Pattern associated with the Joplin Tornado and the Effectiveness of the Forewarning (Due Wednesday 1 February 2017)