ERTH 260: Physical Processes in the Atmosphere
SFSU, Spring 2018
Topics, Handouts, Assignments
Prof. John Monteverdi
Dept. of Earth & Climate Sciences
Links Links
Some Resources

Forecast Products

Radar and Satellite

Sounding Sources

Designed Readings

Inclass Exercises and Homeworks

  • Grading done on basis of proper answers and responsiveness to the questions asked.
  • Keep all graded assignments/quizzes as you will need them to create the portfolio that is the final Laboratory assignment. Missing assignments will result in a lower grade

Quizzes and Labs

  • Grading done on basis of proper answers and responsiveness to the questions asked.
  • Keep all graded assignments/quizzes as you will need them to create the portfolio that is the final Laboratory assignment. Missing assignments will result in a lower grade

Class Grading

Summarized in Syllabus

Inclass Exercises

Inclass Exercise 1 (pdf) and Key: The Surface Weather Map (Avg. 72.7; High 98, Low 35)

Inclass Exercise 2 and Key: The Significance of the Dew Point Temperature (Avg. 91.6; High 100, Low 80; Three not turned in)

Inclass Exercise 3 and Key: Weather Map Features: Introduction to Boundaries(Avg.94.5; High 95, Low 91; Five not turned in)

In-class Exercise 4 (pdf) and Key: Inputs/Outputs/Net Change--Budget Approach to Understanding Lake Oroville Issues (100 points)(Avg. 90.6; High 100, Low 75, One Not Turned In)

Inclass Exercise 5 and Key: Working With Weather Maps and Soundings:  Finding Pressure Features and Fronts(Avg. 91.8; High 100, Low 64)

Inclass Exercise 6 and Key: Student Discussion of Severe Weather Outbreak of May 1, 2008 (OKC Hailstorm)(Avg. 96.1; High 100, Low 75, One Not Turned In)

Inclass Exercise 7 and Key: Working with Soundings: Relative Humidity and Mixing Ratio Lines )(Avg. 86; High 95, Low 80, Two Not Turned In)

Inclass Exercise 8 and Key: Potential Temperature and Potential Density and Instability (Avg. 95.3; High 100, Low 82; Two Not Turned In)

Inclass Exercise 9 and Key: CAPE* and Vertical Velocity (Due Wednesday 25 April 2018) (*Sounding)

Inclasss Exercise 10 and Key: Lessons from the El Reno May 31, 2013 Tornado Tragedy (Due Wednesday 25 April 2018)


Homeworks

Homework 1 (pdf) : What do we need to know to understand the Joplin Tornadic Thunderstorm (Avg. 97.9; High 100, Low 95)

Homework 2 and Key: Working with Coordinate Systems and Graph Paper (Avg. 81.3; High 100, Low 51; Three not turned in)

Homework 3 (html) and Key: Weather Maps, Weather Features, and Soundings (Avg. 73.7; High 100, Low 24; Two not turned in))

Homework 4 and Key: Lofting Air Parcels and Relative Temperature Differences at a Given Level:  Environmental vs Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate and Key (Avg. 76.6; High 100, Low 20, One Not Turned In)

Homework 5 and Key: Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate(Avg. 94.5; High 100, Low 60)

Homework #6 and Key: First Law of Thermodynamics and the Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate(Avg. 91.3; High 100, Low 70; One not turned in)

Homework #7 and Key: Isentropes and Isohumes on Thermodynamic Diagrams (Avg. 98.1; High 100; Low 94)

Homework #8 and Key: Radiation Budget Concepts and Thunderstorm Development(Avg. 82.6; High 100, Low 35)

Homework #9and Key: Algebraic Representation and Physical Interpretation of Change in Space and Time (Due Wednesday 25 April 2018)

 

 

Quizzes

Quiz #1 and Key: Friday 9 February (Avg. 63.8; High 91, Low 43)

Quiz #2: and Fig.4 and Key: (Avg. 83.8; High 96, Low 71)

Quiz #3 and Key: Friday 16 March 2018 (Avg. 88.2; High 99, Low 71)

Quiz #4 and Key: Friday 13 April 2018 (Avg.69.0; High 94, Low 46)

Quiz #5: Wednesday 25 April 2018


 


Labs

Lab Exercise 1 (pdf)and Key: Establishing the Significance of the Joplin Tornado and the Effectiveness of the Forewarning (Avg. 82.6; High 94, Low 70)

Lab Exercise 2 (pdf) and Key: Basic Quantitative and Conceptual Problem Sovling(Avg. 83.8; High 100, Low 62; Three not turned in)

Lab Exercise 3 and Key: Hypothesis Formation (Avg. 80.7; High 100, Low 52; Two not turned in)

Lab Exercise 4 and Key: Understanding the Concept of the Gas Law(Avg. 75.0; High 100, Low 40)

Lab Exercise 5 and Key: Understanding the Gas Law (Due End of Class Friday 2 March 2018)

Lab Exercise 6 (pdf) and Key: Joplin Tornado Day--Relationship of Soundings to Horizontal Plots(Avg. 94.1; High 110, Low 70; One Not Turned In)and Presentations (Wednesday 14 March; One Missing-- -20 points))

Lab Exercise 7 and Key: Adjusting the Gas Law for Variations in the Gas Constant Due to Water Vapor: Dry Line Example (Avg. 90.5; High 100, Low 80, Four Not Turned In)

Lab Exercise 8 and Key: Working with Soundings:  Using Mixing Ratio Information and Exploration into Meaning of Instability (Avg. 93.6; High 100, Low 85, Three Not Turned In))

Lab Exercise 9 and Key: Joplin Tornado Day, May 22, 2011: Weather Pattern and Thunderstorm Potential Diagnosis(Due Wednesday 18 April 2018)

Laboratory Exercise 10 and Map and Key: Estimating the Temperature Change Due to Advection (Finished by Wednesday 25 April 2018)

Class Session of Topics

Reading, Lab, In-Class Exercise or
Written Assignment

Readings are chosen carefully, and are focussed. Stull readings are more terse, advanced and quantitative...we will do some of the numerical problems in Stull.

April 18 and 20

Meteorological Background Needed to Understand Severe Thunderstorms Specifically

Inclass Activity of the Day

Quizzes

  • Quiz #5: Wednesday 25 April 2018

Inclass Exercise

Inclass Exercise 9 and Key: CAPE and Vertical Velocity (Due Wednesday 25 April 2018)

Inclasss Exercise 10 and Key: Lessons from the El Reno May 31, 2013 Tornado Tragedy (Due Wednesday 25 April 2018)

Homework

Homework #8 and Key: Radiation Budget Concepts and Thunderstorm Development (Due Wednesday 18 April))

Homework #9 and Key: Algebraic Representation and Physical Interpretation of Change in Space and Time (Due Wednesday 25 April 2018)

Laboratory

Lab Exercise 9 and Key: Joplin Tornado Day, May 22, 2011: Weather Pattern and Thunderstorm Potential Diagnosis(Due Wednesday 18 April 2018)

Laboratory Exercise 10 and Mapand Key: Estimating the Temperature Change Due to Advection (Finished by Wednesday 25 April 2018; Due Friday 27 April 2018)

 

April 11 and 13

Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Meteorological Background Needed to Understand Severe Thunderstorms Specifically

Basic Definitions

Understanding Weather Observations

 

Inclass Activity of the Day

Quizzes

  • Quiz 4: Friday 13 April 2018

Inclass Exercise

Inclass Exercise 9 and Key: CAPE and Vertical Velocity(Due Friday 20 April)

Homework

Homework #8 and Key: Radiation Budget Concepts and Thunderstorm Development

Laboratory

Lab Exercise 8 and Key: Working with Soundings:  Using Mixing Ratio Information and Exploration into Meaning of Instability (Distributed Wednesday 29 March; Due Wednesday 11April 2018) Detail: Analyzed sounding, Lowest Part

Lab Exercise 9 and Key: Joplin Tornado Day, May 22, 2011: Weather Pattern and Thunderstorm Potential Diagnosis(Due Wednesday 18 April 2018)

April 4

Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Meteorological Background Needed to Understand Severe Thunderstorms Specifically

Basic Definitions

Understanding Weather Observations

Inclass Activity of the Day

New Readings for Week of 28 March and By April 6, 2018

    • By March 28, 2018
      • Stull: Chapter 3,Chapter 3, pp. 53-73 (Latent Heat, Temperature Advection); Chapter 4, pp. Sections 4.1, 4.2, and 4.3 and pp. 100-107; Chapter 5, 119-121 (through Skew T Log P); 126-135; 138 (Starting with Static Stability First Column); 140 (Starting with Lapse Rate Names)- 141 (through Conditional Stability (Instability); 145 (Review)
      • Vasquez; 62-63; 76-81;94-101
      • Williams, Chapters 7-8, 12
    • By April 6, 2018
      • Stull: Chapter 3, pp. 60-73 (Latent Heat, Temperature Advection); Chapter 6 (Clouds); Chapter 10, pp. 289-299; 301-top 304; 307-308; 314-316 (Equation of Motion, Forces, Accelerations, Winds); Chapter 14 , pp 481-517 (Thunderstorms; Hodographs; Hodographs; Wind Shear)
    • Reading 2: Derived Relationships(Hypsometeric Relation and Poisson's Relation)
    • Poisson's Relation and the Clausius-Clapeyron Equation
  • Quiz 4: Wednesday 11 April 2018

Inclass Exercise

Inclass Exercise 8 and Key: Potential Temperature and Potential Density and Instability (Distributed Wednesday 28 March; Due Wednesday 4 April 2018)

Homework

Homework #7 and Key: Isentropes and Isohumes on Thermodynamic Diagrams (Due Wednesday 4 April 2018)

Laboratory

Lab Exercise 8 and Key: Working with Soundings:  Using Mixing Ratio Information and Exploration into Meaning of Instability (Distributed Wednesday 29 March; Due Friday 6 April 2018)

March 28

Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Meteorological Background Needed to Understand Severe Thunderstorms Specifically

Basic Definitions

Understanding Weather Observations

Inclass Activity of the Day

New Readings for Week of 28 March and By April 6, 2018

    • By March 28, 2018
      • Stull: Chapter 3,Chapter 3, pp. 53-73 (Latent Heat, Temperature Advection); Chapter 4, pp. Sections 4.1, 4.2, and 4.3 and pp. 100-107; Chapter 5, 119-121 (through Skew T Log P); 126-135; 138 (Starting with Static Stability First Column); 140 (Starting with Lapse Rate Names)- 141 (through Conditional Stability (Instability); 145 (Review)
      • Vasquez; 62-63; 76-81;94-101
      • Williams, Chapters 7-8, 12
    • By April 6, 2018
      • Stull: Chapter 3, pp. 60-73 (Latent Heat, Temperature Advection); Chapter 6 (Clouds); Chapter 10, pp. 289-299; 301-top 304; 307-308; 314-316 (Equation of Motion, Forces, Accelerations, Winds); Chapter 14 , pp 481-517 (Thunderstorms; Hodographs; Hodographs; Wind Shear)
    • Reading 2: Derived Relationships(Hypsometeric Relation and Poisson's Relation)
    • Poisson's Relation and the Clausius-Clapeyron Equation
  • Quiz 4: Friday 6 April 2018

Inclass Exercise

Inclass Exercise 7 and Key: Working with Soundings: Relative Humidity and Mixing Ratio Lines )(Distributed Friday 9 March; Due End of Class Friday 16 March 2018)

Inclass Exercise 8 and Key: Potential Temperature and Potential Density and Instability (Distributed Wednesday 28 March; Due Wednesday 4 April 2018)

Homework

Homework #7 and Key: Isentropes and Isohumes on Thermodynamic Diagrams (Due Wednesday 4 April 2018)

Laboratory

Lab Exercise 7 and Key: Adjusting the Gas Law for Variations in the Gas Constant Due to Water Vapor: Dry Line Example (Distributed Wednesday 14 March; Wednesday 28 March 2018)

Lab Exercise 8 and Key: Working with Soundings:  Using Mixing Ratio Information and Exploration into Meaning of Instability (Distributed Wednesday 29 March; Due Friday 6 April 2018)

March 14 and 16

Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Meteorological Background Needed to Understand Severe Thunderstorms Specifically

Basic Definitions

Understanding Weather Observations

Inclass Activity of the Day

New Readings for Week (Complete by Friday March 30, 2018):

    • Stull: Chapter 3,Chapter 3, pp. 53-73 (Latent Heat, Temperature Advection); Chapter 4, pp. Sections 4.1, 4.2, and 4.3 and pp. 100-107; Chapter 5, 119-121 (through Skew T Log P); 126-135; 138 (Starting with Static Stability First Column); 140 (Starting with Lapse Rate Names)- 141 (through Conditional Stability (Instability); 145 (Review)
    • Vasquez; 62-63; 76-81;94-101
    • Williams, Chapters 7-8, 12
    • Primitive Equations (Gas Law, Second Law of Motion, Hydrostatic Law)
    • Poisson's Relation and the Clausius-Clapeyron Equation
    • Virtual Temperature (synopsis) and Virtual Temperature
  • Quiz 3: Friday 16 March 2018

Inclass Exercise

Inclass Exercise 7 and Key: Working with Soundings: Relative Humidity and Mixing Ratio Lines )(Distributed Friday 9 March; Due End of Class Friday 16 March 2018)

Homework

Homework #6 and Key: First Law of Thermodynamics and the Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate (Due Wednesday 14 March 2018)

Laboratory

Lab Exercise 6 (pdf): Joplin Tornado Day--Relationship of Soundings to Horizontal Plots (Distributed Friday 2 March; Due End of Class Friday 9 March 2018) and Presentations (Wednesday 14 March)

Lab Exercise 7 and Key: Adjusting the Gas Law for Variations in the Gas Constant Due to Water Vapor: Dry Line Example (Distributed Wednesday 14 March; Wednesday 28 March 2018)

March 7 and 9

Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Tools Needed to Visualize and Characterize Clouds and Precipitation

Meteorological Background Needed to Understand Severe Thunderstorms Specifically

Understanding Weather Observations

Inclass Activity of the Day

 

New Readings for Week (Complete by Friday March 9, 2018):

    • Stull: Chapter 2, pp. 30-32; 36-37; 39-40; 41-43; 44-45; Chapter 10, pp. 289 to top of 293
    • Vasquez: pp. 9-19
    • Primitive Equations (Be ready to discuss: Gas Law, Second Law of Motion, Hydrostatic Law, First Law of Thermodynamics)
    • Browse: Derived Relationships(Poisson's Relation)
    • Laws of Radiation

Quizzes

  • Quiz 3: Friday 16 March 2018

Inclass Exercise

Inclass Exercise 7 and Key: Working with Soundings: Relative Humidity and Mixing Ratio Lines )(Distributed Friday 9 March; Due End of Class Friday 16 March 2018)

Inclass Exercise 6 and Key: Student Discussion of Severe Weather Outbreak of May 1, 2008 (OKC Hailstorm) (Preliminary Work/Instructor Check; Wednesday March 7, 2018; Presentations and Turnin, March 9, 2018)

Homework

Homework #6 and Key: First Law of Thermodynamics and the Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate (Due Wednesday 14 March 2018)

Laboratory

Lab Exercise 6 (pdf): Joplin Tornado Day--Relationship of Soundings to Horizontal Plots (Distributed Friday 2 March; Due End of Class Friday 9 March 2018) and Presentations (Wednesday 14 March)

Lab Exercise 7 and Key: Adjusting the Gas Law for Variations in the Gas Constant Due to Water Vapor: Dry Line Example (Distributed Wednesday 14 March; Wednesday 28 March 2018)


February 28 and March 2

Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Tools Needed to Visualize and Characterize Clouds and Precipitation

Meteorological Background Needed to Understand Severe Thunderstorms Specifically

Understanding Weather Observations

Inclass Activity of the Day

Quizzes

  • Quiz 3: Friday 16 March 2018

Inclass Exercise

Inclass Exercise 5 and Key: Working With Weather Maps and Soundings:  Finding Pressure Features and Fronts(Due Wednesday 28 February 2018; Presentations 2 March 2018)

Fronts: Cartoon and Schematic

Inclass Exercise 6 and Key: Student Discussion of Severe Weather Outbreak of May 1, 2008 (OKC Hailstorm) (Preliminary Work/Instructor Check; Wednesday March 7, 2018; Presentations and Turnin, March 9, 2018)

Homework

Homework 5 and Key: Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate (Due Wednesday 28 February 2018)

Homework #6 and Key: First Law of Thermodynamics and the Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate (Due Wednesday 14 March 2018)

Laboratory

Lab Exercise 5 and Key: Understanding the Gas Law (Due Friday 2 March 2018) and Gas Law Applet

Lab Exercise 6 (pdf): Joplin Tornado Day--Relationship of Soundings to Horizontal Plots (Distributed Friday 2 March; Due End of Class Friday 9 March 2018) and Presentations (Wednesday 14 March)



February 21 and 23

Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Tools Needed to Visualize and Characterize Clouds and Precipitation

Meteorological Background Needed to Understand Severe Thunderstorms Specifically

Understanding Weather Observations

Inclass Activity of the Day

Quizzes

  • Quiz 2: Friday 26 February

Inclass Exercise

In-class Exercise 4: Inputs/Outputs/Net Change--Budget Approach to Understanding Lake Oroville Issues (100 points)(Distributed Wednesday 14 February; Due Wednesday 21 February 2018)

Inclass Exercise 5 and Key: Working With Weather Maps and Soundings:  Finding Pressure Features and Fronts(Due Wednesday 28 Feb2018)

Fronts: Cartoon and Schematic

Homework

Homework 4:  Lofting Air Parcels and Relative Temperature Differences at a Given Level:  Environmental vs Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate and Key (Due Friday 23 February 2018)

Homework 5 and Key: Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate (Due Wednesday 7 March 2018)

Laboratory

Lab Exercise 4: Understanding the Concept of the Gas Law (Due Friday 23 February 2018)

Lab Exercise 5 and Key: Understanding the Gas Law (Due End of Class Friday 2 March 2018)

 

 

February 14 and 16

Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Tools Needed to Visualize and Characterize Clouds and Precipitation

Meteorological Background Needed to Understand Severe Thunderstorms Specifically

Understanding Weather Observations

Inclass Activity of the Day

Quizzes

  • Quiz 2: Friday 26 February

Inclass Exercise

Inclass Exercise 3 and Key: Weather Map Features: Introduction to Boundaries(Due Wednesday 14 February 2018)

In-class Exercise 4: Inputs/Outputs/Net Change--Budget Approach to Understanding Lake Oroville Issues (100 points)(Distributed Wednesday 14 February; Due Wednesday 21 February 2018)

Oroville Dam Exploration

Homework

Homework 3 (html) Weather Maps, Weather Features, and Soundings ( Due Friday 16 February 2018)

Homework 4:  Lofting Air Parcels and Relative Temperature Differences at a Given Level:  Environmental vs Dry Adiabatic Lapse Rate and Key (Due Friday 23 February 2018)

Laboratory

Lab Exercise 4: Understanding the Concept of the Gas Law (Due Friday 23 February 2018)

Lab Exercise 3: Hypothesis Formation (Due Friday 16 February 2018)


February 7 and 9

Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Tools Needed to Visualize and Characterize Clouds and Precipitation

Meteorological Background Needed to Understand Severe Thunderstorms Specifically

Understanding Weather Observations

Inclass Activity of the Day

Activity of the Day

Assignments

Inclass Exercises

Grading done on basis of proper answers and responsiveness to the questions asked.

Inclass Exercise 2 (pdf) and Key: The Significance of the Dew Point Temperature (Due Wednesday 7 February 2018

Inclass Exercise 3 and Key: Weather Map Features: Introduction to Boundaries(Due Wednesday 14 February 2018)

Homework

Grading done on basis of proper answers and responsiveness to the questions asked.

  • Homework 2 and Key: Working with Coordinate Systems and Graph Paper (Distributed Friday 2 February; Due Friday 9 February 2018)
  • Homework 3 (html) Weather Maps, Weather Features, and Soundings ( Due Friday 16 February 2018)

Laboratory

Grading done on basis of proper answers and responsiveness to the questions asked.

  • Lab Exercise 2 and Key: Basic Quantitative and Conceptual Problem Sovling(Due Friday 9 February 2018)
  • Lab Exercise 3: Hypothesis Formation ( Due Friday 16 February 2018)

Quizzes

  • First Quiz: Friday 9 February (discussed on Wednesday 7 February)
January 31 and
February 2

Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Tools Needed to Visualize and Characterize Clouds and Precipitation

Understanding Weather Observations

Inclass Activity of the Day

Assignments

Inclass Exercises

Grading done on basis of proper answers and responsiveness to the questions asked.

Inclass Exercise 2 (pdf) and Key: The Significance of the Dew Point Temperature (Due Wednesday 7 February 2018

Inclass Exercise 1 (pdf) and Key: The Surface Weather Map (Avg. 72.7; High 98, Low 35; Major Issue--Reading Instructions, Responsiveness to Questions)

Homework

Grading done on basis of proper answers and responsiveness to the questions asked.

  • Homework 1 (pdf) : What do we need to know to understand the Joplin Tornadic Thunderstorm (Avg. 97.9; High 100, Low 95; Minor Issue, Responsivness to Instructions, Reading INstructions)
  • Homework 2 and Key: Working with Coordinate Systems and Graph Paper (Distributed Friday 2 February; Due Friday 9 February 2018)

Laboratory

Grading done on basis of proper answers and responsiveness to the questions asked.

  • Lab Exercise 1: Establishing the Significance of the Weather Pattern associated with the Joplin Tornado and the Effectiveness of the Forewarning(Due Friday 2 February 2018)
  • Lab Exercise 2 and Key: Basic Quantitative and Conceptual Problem Sovling(Due Friday 9 February 2018)

Quizzes

  • First Quiz: Friday 9 February (discussed on Wednesday 7 February)
January 24 and 26

Syllabus

Introduction and Perspective

Inquiry Based Learning Exercise: The May 22, 2011 Joplin MO Tornadic (EF-5) Thunderstorm

JoplinRadarReflectivitySmall

animation]


Scientific Method as a Blueprint of General Steps to the Study of a Meteorological/Oceanographic Problem

Background on the Event

Storm Prediction Center Severe Weather Events Archive

All students should purchase a cheap set of colored pencils and a cheap calculator.

Meteorological Background Needed to Understand Severe Thunderstorms Specifically

Meteorological Tools Needed to Visualize and Characterize Clouds and Precipitation

Understanding Weather Observations

 

Inclass Activity of the Day

Assignments

Quizzes

  • First Quiz: Friday 10 February (discussed on Wednesday 8 February)

Homework

  • Homework 1 (pdf) and Key: What do we need to know to understand the Joplin Tornadic Thunderstorm (Due Wednesday 31 January 2018)

Laboratory

  • Lab Exercise 1 (pdf) and Key: Establishing the Significance of the Joplin Tornado and the Effectiveness of the Forewarning (Due Friday 2 February 2018)