
Links 
Links 
Some Resources 
Analyses and Data Sources
NCEP Reanalysis and Archive


Special Information 
Graded Assignments 
Graded Quizzes, Exams, and Labs 

Inclass Excercises
 Inclass Exercise 1 and Key: Breaking the Wind into Components (Avg. 47.7; High 50, Low 40)
 Inclass Exercise 2 and Key: Using the DelOperatorThreedimensional Divergence of the Wind(Avg. 25; High 25, Low 25)
 Inclass Exercise 3 and Key: Streamline Curvature (Avg. 50; High 50, Low 50)
 Inclass Exercise 4 and Key: Thickness Contours, Fronts, Baroclinic and Barotropic States (Avg: 45; High 45, Low 45)
 Inclass Exercise 5 and Key: Gradient Wind Divergence associated with Short Waves and Long Waves (Avg. 50; High 50, Low 50)
 Inclass Exercise 6 and Key: Thermal Wind (Avg. 47.5; High 50, Low 45)
 Inclass Exercise 7 and Key: Dines Compensation(Avg. 47.0; High 50, Low 45)
 Inclass Exercise 8 and Key: Divergence in Natural Coordinates(Avg. 49.4; High 50, Low 47)
 Inclass Exercise 9 and Key: Pressure Tendency Equation and Dines Compensation(Avg. 95; High 100, Low 85)
 Inclass Exercise 10 and Key: Case Study of Diablo Wind Event, October 89, 2017(Avg. 92.8; High 100, Low 89)
 Final Inclass Exercise 11 and Key: Diagnosing Fronts and Upper Tropospheric Divergence Using Vorticity Patterns (Including Presentations) (Due Tuesday 12 December)
Homeworks
 Homework 1 and Key: Review of ERTH 260 Material
(Avg. 93.2; High 100, Low 84)
 Homework 2: and Key: Deterministic Temperature Forecasting Using Simplified Temperature Tendency Equation (Avg. 95; High 100, Low 90)
 Homework 3 and Key The Human Element in Weather Forecasting(Avg. 98.2; High 100, Low 94)
 Homework 4 and Key: Thinking About Material in Textbooks (Avg. 99.8; High 100, Low 99)
 Homework 5 and Key: Cyclostrophic Wind in Hurricane Maria (Avg. 100; High 100, Low 100)
 Homework 6 and Key: Using the NOAA Reanalysis Web Portal (Avg. 100; High 100, Low 100)
 Homework 7: Presentation of Spot Forecast Station ClimatologiesPeriod 2 (Avg 102; High 105, Low 100)
 Homework 8 and Key: Explanations of Features in the Zonal Portion of the General Circulation Using Thermal Wind Concepts (Avg 97; High 100, Low 90)
 Homework 9: Presentation of Spot Forecast Station ClimatologiesPeriod 3 (Avg 92; High 100, Low 60)
 Homework 10: 5 minute Synopsis of Readings (See Readings) (Avg. 100; High 100, Low 100)
 Homework 11 and Key: (Avg. 97; High 100; Low 85)

Quizzes
Tests
Labs
 Lab Exercise 1 and Key (Map): Temperature Tendency Equation and Temperature Advection (Avg. 91.3; High 100, Low 85)
 Lab Exercise 2 and Sounding and Key: Basic Techniques(Avg. 178; High 195, Low 150)
 Lab Exercise 3 and Key: Basic Chart Diagnosis and Interpretation (Avg. 198; High 200, Low 195)
 Lab Exercise 4 and Key: Contouring Isobars and Isohypses (Avg. 82.5; High 90, Low 70)
 Lab Exercise 5(pdf version) and Key: Surface Weather Observations (METARS) and Frontal Analysis (Last Day to Work on in Class, Thursday 12 October 2017)
 Lab Exercise 6 and Key: Vertical Consistency and Thickness Analyses (Avg 281; High 295, Low 244)(Turn in Excel Spreadsheet by email) (JPM's Spreadsheet) (Excel Spreadsheet Rubric 20 pts Compliant With Assignment/20 pts User Friendly/Easy To Use)
 Lab Exercise 7 and Key: Southern Hemisphere General Circulation(Avg. 198; High, 200, Low 195)
 Lab Exercise 8: Absolute Geostrophic Vorticity (Due Tuesday 12 December; Last Day to Work on In Class, Thursday 30 November)

Week of 
Topics 
Reading, Lab, InClass Exercise or
Written Assignment
Readings are chosen carefully, and are focussed. Stull readings are more terse, advanced and quantitative...we will do some of the numerical problems in Stull. 
December 12
Week 16 
 ERTH 490
 Forecast Contest
 Connections
 Dynamics of the Wind Field
 Equation of Motion
 Ageostrophic Flow: Isallobaric Wind and Horizontal Divergence
 Quasigeostrophic Equations

 Exploration
 Latest Look at the Ensemble: Horrible Drought or Not?
 Tests
 Final Examination: 8:451030 AM, Thursday 14 December 2017
 Inclass Exercises:
 Final Inclass Exercise11 and Key: Diagnosing Fronts and Upper Tropospheric Divergence Using Vorticity Patterns (Including Presentations) (Due Tuesday 12 December)
 Laboratory
 Lab Exercise 8: Absolute Geostrophic Vorticity (Due Tuesday 12 December; Last Day to Work on In Class, Thursday 30 November)

December 5
Week 15 
 ERTH 490
 Forecast Contest
 Fronts
 Dynamics of the Wind Field
 Equation of Motion
 Dynamics of Pressure Center Development
 Ageostrophic Flow: Isallobaric Wind and Horizontal Divergence
 Vorticity
 Relationship of Circulation to Vorticity
 Simplified (Barotropic) Vorticity Equation
 Quasigeostrophic Equations

Inclass Activities of the Day
 Exploration
 Tests
 Inclass Exercises:
 Final Inclass Exercise11 and Key: Diagnosing Fronts and Upper Tropospheric Divergence Using Vorticity Patterns (Including Presentations) (Due Tuesday 12 December)
 Laboratory
 Lab Exercise 8: Absolute Geostrophic Vorticity (Due Tuesday 12 December; Last Day to Work on In Class, Thursday 30 November)
 Homework
 Readings for Week through Thanksgiving Vacation

November 28
Week 14 
 ERTH 490
 Forecast Contest
Fronts
 Dynamics of the Wind Field
 Vorticity
 Kinematic Definition
 Relationship of Circulation to Vorticity
 Frontal Slope and Frontal Intensity

Inclass Activities of the Day
 Exploration
 Tests
 Quiz #5: Thursday 30 November (Cancelled)
 Inclass Exercises:
 Final Inclass Exercise11 and Key: Diagnosing Fronts and Upper Tropospheric Divergence Using Vorticity Patterns (Including Presentations) (Due Tuesday 12 December)
 Laboratory
 Lab Exercise 8: Absolute Geostrophic Vorticity (Due Tuesday 12 December; Last Day to Work on In Class, Thursday 30 November)
 Homework
 Homework 10: 5 minute Synopsis of Readings (Due Tuesday 28 November)
 Homework 11 and Key: (Due Tuesday 5 December 2017)
 Readings for Week through Thanksgiving Vacation

November 14
Week 13 
 ERTH 490
 Forecast Contest
Fronts
 Types of Fronts
 Finding Fronts
 Dynamics of the Wind Fieldq
 Kinematics of the Wind Field: Vorticity
 Mountain Waves
 Frontal Slope and Frontal Intensity

Inclass Activities of the Day
 Exploration
 Tests
 Inclass Exercises:
 Inclass Exercise 10 and Key: Case Study of Diablo Wind Event, October 89, 2017(Due Tuesday 14 November)
 Laboratory
 Homework
 Homework 10: 5 minute Synopsis of Readings (Due Tuesday 28 November)
 Readings for Week through Thanksgiving Vacation

November 7
Week 12 
 ERTH 490
 Forecast Contest
 Forecast Scoring for Period 3
 Forecast Stations: KSFO (Local site) (Natalie), KSEA (West Coast weather systems) (Drew), KDLH (Alberta clippers, frozen precip, drastic temperature changes)(Tianny), KJAN (Heavy precipitation, thunderstorms, Gulf wave cyclones (Jonathan)), KPWM (Backdoor fronts, sleet/rain/nor' easters) (Juliana)
 Dynamics of the Wind Field
 Local Temperature Change
 Mountain Waves
 Fronts

Inclass Activities of the Day
 Exploration
 Tests
 Inclass Exercises:
 Laboratory
 Lab Exercise 7: Southern Hemisphere General Circulation (Due Tuessday 14 November)
 Homework
 Homework 8: Presentation of Spot Forecast Station ClimatologiesPeriod 3 (Due Tuesday 7 November)
 Readings for Week through November 9

October 31
Week 11 
 ERTH 490
 Forecast Contest
 Forecast Scoring for Period 3
 Forecast Stations: KSFO (Local site) (Natalie), KSEA (West Coast weather systems) (Drew), KDLH (Alberta clippers, frozen precip, drastic temperature changes)(Tianny), KJAN (Heavy precipitation, thunderstorms, Gulf wave cyclones (Jonathan)), KPWM (Backdoor fronts, sleet/rain/nor' easters) (Juliana)
 Dynamics of the Wind Field
 Continuity
 Local Temperature Change
 Mountain Waves
 Froude Number
 Understanding Hydraulic Jumps using Froude Number and BruntVaisala Frequency

Inclass Activities of the Day
 Exploration
 Tests
 Quiz #4: Tuesday, November79, 2017
 Inclass Exercises:
 Inclass Exercise 9 and Key: Pressure Tendency Equation and Dines Compensation(Due Tuesday 7 November)
 Laboratory
 Lab Exercise 6: Vertical Consistency and Thickness Analyses (Last Day to Work On In Class: Tuesday 31 October)
 Lab Exercise 7: Southern Hemisphere General Circulation (Due Thursday 9 November)
 Homework
 Homework 8: Presentation of Spot Forecast Station ClimatologiesPeriod 3 (Due Tuesday 7 November)
 Readings for Week through November 2

October 24
Week 10 
 ERTH 490
 Forecast Contest
 Forecast Stations for Period 2: SFO, PDX, GTF, MSY and EWR
 Forecast Offices: KMTR, KPQR, KTFX, KEAX, KOKX
 Forecast Scoring Period 2
 Climatologies: SFO, PDX, GTF, MSY and EWR
 Dynamics of the Wind Field
 Dines Compensation Conceptual Treatment
 Continuity
 Kinematics of the Wind Field: Vorticity
 Fronts

Inclass Activities of the Day
 Exploration
 Tests
 There will be an open book/open notes/open computer exam on Thursday 26 October. There still will be a forecast at the normal time. I will do the weather briefing. The student who did the Tuesday briefing will do the his/her second weather briefing Tuesday 31 October.
 Inclass Exercises:
 Laboratory
 Lab Exercise 6: Vertical Consistency and Thickness Analyses (Due Thursday 26 October)
 Homework
 Homework 7: Presentation of Spot Foreqcast Station Climatologies (Due Tuesday 17 October)
 Homework 8 and Key: Explanations of Features in the Zonal Portion of the General Circulation Using Thermal Wind Concepts (Due Tuesday 24 October)
 Readings for Week through November 2

October 17
Week 9 
 ERTH 490
 Forecast Contest
 Forecast Stations for Period 2: SFO, PDX, GTF, MSY and EWR
 Forecast Offices: KMTR, KPQR, KTFX, KEAX, KOKX
 Forecast Scoring Period 2
 Climatologies: SFO, PDX, GTF, MSY and EWR
 Dynamics of the Wind Field
 Equation of Motion
 Kinematics of the Wind Field: Velocity Divergence
 Continuity

Inclass Activities of the Day
 Exploration
 Tests
 Quiz #3, Tuesday 17 October ; Coriolis Acceleration and the Rossby Number
 There will be an open book/open notes/open computer exam on Thursday 26 October. There still will be a forecast at the normal time. I will do the weather briefing. The student who did the Tuesday briefing will do the his/her second weather briefing Tuesday 31 October.
 Inclass Exercises:
 Laboratory
 Homework
 Homework 7: Presentation of Spot Foreqcast Station Climatologies (Due Tuesday 17 October)
 Homework 8 and Key: Explanations of Features in the Zonal Portion of the General Circulation Using Thermal Wind Concepts (Due Tuesday 24 October)
 Readings for Week through October 12
 Bluestein, pp. 3240; 3773; bottom of page 181198; 247271; 282284; 296298
 Djuric, (Already assignedChps 1, 2); Chapter 3; Chapter 4, pp. 5062; Chapter 6, 8896; Chapter 7, 105107; Appendix A, B, C, D,H, I (temperature advection)
 Continuity and Dines Compensation

October 10
Week 8 
 ERTH 490
 Forecast Contest
 Forecast Stations for Period 2: SFO, PDX, GTF, MSY and EWR
 Forecast Offices: KMTR, KPQR, KTFX, KEAX, KOKX
 Forecast Scoring Period 2
 Climatologies: SFO, PDX, GTF, MSY and EWR
 Dynamics of the Wind Field
 Equation of Motion
 Hypsometric Relation and Its Implications
 The Geostrophic Wind
and the Thermal Wind
 Kinematics of the Wind Field: Velocity Divergence

Inclass Activities of the Day
 Exploration
 Tests
 Quiz #3, Tuesday 17 October ; Coriolis Acceleration and the Rossby Number
 There will be an open book/open notes/open computer exam on Thursday 26 October. There still will be a forecast at the normal time. I will do the weather briefing. The student who did the Tuesday briefing will do the his/her second weather briefing Tuesday 31 October.
 Inclass Exercises:
 Laboratory
 Homework
 Homework 7: Presentation of Spot Foreqcast Station Climatologies (Due Tuesday 10 October)
 Readings for Week through October 12
 Bluestein, pp. 3240; 3773; bottom of page 181198; 247271; 282284; 296298
 Djuric, (Already assignedChps 1, 2); Chapter 3; Chapter 4, pp. 5062; Chapter 6, 8896; Chapter 7, 105107; Appendix A, B, C, D,H, I (temperature advection)
 Continuity and Dines Compensation

October 3
Week 7 
 ERTH 490
 Forecast Contest
 Forecast Stations for Period 2: SFO, PDX, GTF, MSY and EWR
 Forecast Offices: KMTR, KPQR, KTFX, KEAX, KOKX
 Forecast Scoring Period 2
 Climatologies: SFO, PDX, GTF, MSY and EWR
 History of Synoptic Meteorology
 Advances in Synoptic Meteorology: Observations <>Tools <>Models: Bluestein discussion: Table 1.1Part A, B and C
 Advances in Analysis: Diagnosis and Prognosis Analysis Conventions:
 Middle Latitude Analysis in a Global Context: General Circulation: Djuric Fig. 12, 14 (General Circulaton Schematic: Nonmajors and Majors)
 Dynamics of the Wind Field
 Equation of Motion
 The Geostrophic Wind
and the Ageostrophic Wind
 Hypsometric Relation and Its Implications
 Kinematics of the Wind Field: Velocity Divergence

Inclass Activities of the Day
 Exploration
 Quizzes
 Quiz #2, Tuesday 3 October
 Inclass Exercises:
 Inclass Exercise 5and Key: Gradient Wind Divergence associated with Short Waves and Long Waves (Due Thursday 28 September 2017)
 Inclass Exercise 6 and Key: Thermal Wind (Due Tuesday 10 October)
 Laboratory
 Lab Exercise 4: Contouring Isobars and Isohypses (Same surface chart and 500 mb chart as in Lab 3) (Last Day to Work on in Class, Thursday 28 September 2017)
 Lab Exercise 5 (pdf version): Surface Weather Observations (METARS) and Frontal Analysis (Last Day to Work on in Class, Tuesday 10 October 2017)
 Homework
 Homework 6and Key: Using the NOAA Reanalysis Web Portal (Due Tuesday 3 October 2017)
 Homework 7: Presentation of Spot Forecast Station Climatologies (Due Tuesday 10 October)
 Readings for Week through October 12
 Bluestein, pp. 3240; 3773; bottom of page 181198; 247271; 282284; 296298
 Djuric, (Already assignedChps 1, 2); Chapter 3; Chapter 4, pp. 5062; Chapter 6, 8896; Chapter 7, 105107; Appendix A, B, C, D,H, I (temperature advection)

September 26
Week 6 
 ERTH 490
 Forecast Contest
 Forecast Stations for Period 2: SFO, PDX, GTF, MSY and EWR
 History of Synoptic Meteorology
 Advances in Synoptic Meteorology: Observations <>Tools <>Models: Bluestein discussion: Table 1.1Part A, B and C
 Advances in Analysis: Diagnosis and Prognosis Analysis Conventions:
Equation of Motion

Inclass Activities of the Day
 Surface Lows: Dynamic related to divergence east of trough axes and west of ridge axes in the upper troposphere and Thermal (warm core)  related to upper tropospheric divergence in response to thickness (temperature) rises in whole air column  Wave cyclone of January 4, 2008 and Katrina
 WGSL scripts: difax, sfcplot, sfcwx with region syntax re=us
 wxp
 Quizzes
 Quiz #2, Tuesday 3 October
 Inclass Exercises:
 Inclass Exercise 4 and Key: Thickness Contours, Fronts, Baroclinic and Barotropic States
 Inclass Exercise 5 and Key: Gradient Wind Divergence associated with Short Waves and Long Waves (Due Thursday 28 September 2017)
 Laboratory
 Lab Exercise 3: Basic Chart Diagnosis and Interpretation(Due Thursday 21 September 2017)
 Lab Exercise 4: Contouring Isobars and Isohypses (Same surface chart and 500 mb chart as in Lab 3) (Last Day to Work on in Class, Thursday 28 September 2017)
 Homework
 Homework 5 and Key: Cyclostrophic Wind in Hurricane Maria (Due Tuesday 24 September 2017)
 Homework 6 and Key: Using the NOAA Reanalysis Web Portal (Due Tuesday 3 October 2017)
 Readings for Week through October 12
 Bluestein, pp. 3240; 3773; bottom of page 184198; 247271; 282284; 296298
 Djuric, (Already assignedChps 1, 2); Chapter 3; Chapter 4, pp. 5062; Chapter 6, 8896; Chapter 7, 105107; Appendix A, B, C, D,H, I (temperature advection)

September 19
Week 5 
 ERTH 490
 Equation of Motion

Inclass Activities of the Day
 Quizzes
 Inclass Exercises:
 Laboratory
 Homework
 Homework 4 and Key: Thinking About Material in Textbooks (Due Tuesday 19 September 2017)
 Homework 5 and Key: Cyclostrophic Wind in Hurricane Maria (Due Tuesday 24 September 2017)
 Readings for Week through September 7
 Equation of Motion: Gradient Wind vs Geostrophic Wind
 Bluestein, 3773; bottom of page 184198.
 Djuric, (Already assignedChps 1, 2); Chapter 3; Chapter 4, pp. 5052; Chapter 6, 8896; Chapter 7, 105107; Appendix A, B, C and
 Deterministic vs Probabilistic Forecasting (through definition of Probabilistic Forecasting but not beyond)

September 12
Week 4 
 ERTH 490
 Notation Conventions
 Evaluating Pressure Gradients in Different Coordinate Systems on Weather Maps
 Kinematics
 Streamlines and Trajectories
 Equation of Motion

Inclass Activities of the Day
 WGSL scripts: getdata, disc, sfcplot
 Relative humidity at 700 mb plot: nam_maps nam_relhum
 ClimatologyTucson
 Climate Prediction Center Website
 Weather Prediction Center Website
 Specifying a region for some WGSL scripts: re=lat,lon (for West longitudes) and specifying a variable to plot beyond the default
 Hurricane Tornado Environments
 Bay Area Thunderstorms
Assignments
 Quizzes
 Inclass Exercises:
 Laboratory
 Homework
 Homework 4 and Key: Thinking About Material in Textbooks (Due Tuesday 19 September 2017)
 Homework 3: The Human Element in Weather Forecasting (Due Tuesday 12 September 2017)
 Readings for Week through September 7
 Equation of Motion: Gradient Wind vs Geostrophic Wind
 Bluestein, 3773; bottom of page 184198.
 Djuric, (Already assignedChps 1, 2); Chapter 3; Chapter 4, pp. 5052; Chapter 6, 8896; Chapter 7, 105107; Appendix A, B, C and
 Deterministic vs Probabilistic Forecasting (through definition of Probabilistic Forecasting but not beyond)

September 5
Week 3 
 ERTH 490
 Review of Some Important ERTH 260 Concepts
 Notation Conventions
 Lagrangian and Eulerian Derivatives
(Section 1.3.8 in Bluestein)
 Notation Routine for Velocity Vector and Its Relation to other Vectors
 Notation Conventions for Pressure Gradient and Wind Directions
 Evaluating Pressure Gradients in Different Coordinate Systems on Weather Maps

Inclass Activities of the Day
Assignments
 Inclass Exercises:
 Inclass Exercise 1: Breaking the Wind into Components (Due at end of class period, September 5, 2017)
 Inclass Exercise 2 and Key: Using the DelOperatorThreedimensional Divergence of the Wind (Due at end of class period, September 7, 2017)
 Laboratory
 Homework
 Homework 3: The Human Element in Weather Forecasting (Due Tuesday 12 September 2017)
 Readings for Week through September 7
 Key 1 and Key 2 Bluestein, Chapter 1 and Chapter 2, pp. 3239, 5769
 Djuric, Chapters 1 and 2; pp.2941
 Deterministic vs Probabilistic Forecasting (through definition of Probabilistic Forecasting but not beyond)
 For Tuesday, 29 August, read Doswell, C.A. III, 1986: The Human Element in Weather Forecsting, Nat. Wea. Dig., 11, 617. (Sections 1 and 2 only)

August 29
Week 2 
 Forecast Contest:
 ERTH 490
 Review of Some Important ERTH 260 Concepts
 Primitive Equations
 Coordinate Systems
 Visualizing Gradients and Changes in Temperature
 Deterministic Temperature Forecasts
 Finding temperature advection from isotherm and thickness patterns
 Inferring Tempreature Changes from Thickness Fields: Step 1, Step 2, Step 3
 Temperature Tendency Equation Conceptually and Temperature Advection Conceptually
 Notation Conventions
 Lagrangian and Eulerian Derivatives
(Section 1.3.8 in Bluestein)

Inclass Activities of the Day
 Using the Lab to Generate 1000500 mb Thickness Charts
 Harvey
Assignments
 Inclass Exercises:
 Laboratory
 Lab Exercise 1: Temperature Tendency Equation and Temperature Advection (Due Tuesday 5 September 2017)
 Homework
 Homework 2: Deterministic Temperature Forecasting Using Simplified Temperature Tendency Equation (Due Tuesday 5 September 2017)
 Readings for Week through September 7
 Bluestein, Chapter 1 and Chapter 2, pp. 3239, 5769
 Djuric, Chapters 1 and 2; pp.2941
 Deterministic vs Probabilistic Forecasting (through definition of Probabilistic Forecasting but not beyond)
 For Tuesday, 29 August, read Doswell, C.A. III, 1986: The Human Element in Weather Forecsting, Nat. Wea. Dig., 11, 617. (Sections 1 and 2 only)

August 24
Week 1 
 Introduction
 Syllabus
 Definitions:
 Weather Analysis
 Forecasting as Applied Synoptic Meteorology: First Views
 Review of Some Important ERTH 260 Concepts

Inclass Activities of the Day
 GOES (Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite) and Weather Map Imagery of the Day
 Harvey
Assignments

Inclass Exercises:
Homework
 Homework 1: Review of ERTH 260 Material
(Due Tuesday 29 August 2017)
Laboratory
 Lab Exercise 1: Lagrangian and Eulieran Derivatives and the Temperature Tendency Equation: A Deterministic Way to Forecast Temperature(Not Assigned Yet)
 Readings for Week
through September 1
 Bluestein, Chapter 1 and Chapter 2, pp. 3239, 5769
 Djuric, Chapters 1 and 2; pp.2941
 Deterministic vs Probabilistic Forecasting (through definition of Probabilistic Forecasting but not beyond)
 For Tuesday, 29 August, read Doswell, C.A. III, 1986: The Human Element in Weather Forecsting, Nat. Wea. Dig., 11, 617. (Sections 1 and 2 only)
