*Physical meteorology*

The study of the chemical composition of the atmosphere, the laws of radiation, the physics of clouds and precipitation and the thermodynamic phenomena of the troposphere.

*Dynamic meteorology*

The study of the development of and evolution of atmospheric motions and circulation systems as solutions of the fundamental equations of hydrodynamics or other systems of equations appropriate to special situations.

*Synoptic meteorology*

The study and analysis of weather systems based upon analyses of a set and/or series of charts that contain a synopsis of weather observations at a given time. The understanding of these weather systems is based upon application of the principles of physical and dynamic meteorology.

*Structured thinking*

Structured Thinking is a systematic methodology for finding innovative solutions to scientific problems. It is essentially a way of defining a problem on the basis of what is known, and what needs to be found, that provides a blueprint for a solution. Students first learn this approach best if they are required to write out the steps (as discussed in class) while solving a problem, even if the answer is simple.