Examples of References

Example 1: Could be in Section 1, or 3


Strong divergence occurring over a preexisting surface frontal zone often results in the development of rapidly deepening surface cyclones in the eastern Pacific, which often can bring damaging wind and precipitation events to the Pacific coastal states. p. 318


Palmén, E., and C. W. Newton, 1969: Atmospheric Circulation Systems: Their Structure and Physical Interpretation. Academic Press, 603 pp.



Example 2: Could be in Section 1, or 3

By defining a “bomb” as an extratropical surface cyclone whose central pressure fall averages at least 1 mb h−1 for 24 h, we have studied this explosive cyclogenesis in the Northern Hemisphere during the period September 1976–May 1979. This predominantly maritime, cold-season event is usually found 400 n mi downstream from a mobile 500 mb trough, within or poleward of the maximum westerlies, and within or ahead of the planetary-scale troughs.

A cyclone characterized by a central pressure tendency of of -1 mb h-1 for 24 hours or more is termed a bomb.

Sanders, Frederick, John R. Gyakum, 1980: Synoptic-Dynamic Climatology of the “Bomb”. Mon. Wea. Rev., 108, 1589–1606.


Example 3: Could be in Section 1, or 3

Explosive cyclogenesis occurs most frequently over the ocean during the cold season. p. 119

A pressure tendency of -1 mb h-1 for 24 hours or moor is called a bergeron. p. 120

Bluestein, H. B., 1993: Synoptic-Dynamic Meteorology in Midlatitudes. Vol. 2, Observations and Theory of Weather Systems, Oxford University Press, 594 pp.


Example 4: : Could be in Section 1, or 3

Strong upper tropospheric divergence, diagnosed quasigeostrophically, was an aid to an understanding of the explosive development of an explosively developing cyclone on the East Coast, with warm advection accounting for a large part of the development.

Bosart, Lance F., 1981: The Presidents' Day Snowstorm of 18–19 February 1979: A Subsynoptic-Scale Event. Mon. Wea. Rev., 109, 1542–1566.


Example 5: Probably in Section 3

Section discussing Middle Latitude Type storm will be distributed in class.

Weaver, Robert L., 1962: Meteorology of Hydrologically-Critical Storms in California. Hydrometeorological Report No. 37. U.S. Weather Bureau and U.S. Dept. of Army, Corps of Engineers. 207 pp.