DEPARTMENT
OF GEOSCIENCES NAME_________________________
SAN
FRANCISCO STATE UNIV Meteorology
201
1. Determine
the morning stability at KOUN (Norman, OK) from the morning sounding for 1200
UTC 3 May 1999 (attached).
Estimate the height of the Lifting Condensation Level, Level of Free
Convection, 500 mb Lifted Index, Equilibrium Level and determine if the
sounding is unstable, stable or conditionally unstable with respect to a
SURFACE LIFTED PARCEL. Be sure to indicate the parcel ascent curve, LCL, LFC
and EL right on the diagram.
This is a conditionally unstable sounding. The LCL is at about 930 mb (162 m AGL), the LFC is at about 700 mb (~3000 m AGL), and the EL is at about 240 mb (~10,500 m AGL). The Lifted Index is 2.4.
2. Estimate
the afternoon stability at KOUN (Norman, OK) from the morning sounding for 1200
UTC 3 May 1999 (second copy).
Estimate the Convective Temperature, Convective Condensation Level and
determine if the sounding is potentially unstable. Indicate the CT, CCL, parcel ascent curve, positive area on
sounding (CAPE) (shaded red), and negative area on sounding (CINH) (shaded
blue).
The procedure is to follow the saturation mixing ratio extending from the surface dew point temperature until it intersects the sounding at or above the nose of the inversion. This intersection point is the convective condensation level (CCL). Then, a dry adibat is drawn from the CCL to the surface. The temperature at the surface is called the Convective Temperature (CT). In this case, the CT is 28C and the CCL is at the 825 mb level (about 1400 m AGL). The diagram at above right shows the CAPE and CINH areas shaded in. Not the dramatic increase in CAPE (proportional to red area) from the morning sounding..
3. Calculate
the CAPE from the morning sounding using the method discussed in class. You'll be approximating the CAPE by summing up the indidividual contributions of layers approximately 1500 m thick. The table below should get you started.
(Started in class)
4. Using the results
from (3) above, calculate the maximum vertical velocity at the EL in the morning. (Started in class)
Pressure
(mb)

Elevation AGL (m)

~700

~3000 
600

~4500

500

~6000

400

~7500

300

~9000

240

~10500

I used the procedure outlined in class. I created the formulas in Excel, but you could have done them on a calculator. I got a CAPE value of 1032 J/kg, and a vertical velocity at the EL of 45.5 m s1. This is fairly close to the actual values, as shown on the actual sounding.
Spreadsheet Entries and Ascent Curve for KOUN 12 UTC 5/3/99
4.
KOUN Sounding and Hodograph, 12 UTC 3 May 1999 (click on sounding to get larger version)