Scientific Method -- An organized approach utilized to systematically study and solve problems of the natural world.

1. Define a Problem: Obtain and/or examine data and discern a pattern of importance.

2. Make a Hypothesis: Make a first guess about the reasons for the pattern or problem based upon proven principles or understood causes/effects.

3. Test the Hypothesis: See if the same hypothesized cause is associated with the same effects in other places, or for other times etc.

4. If this bears out, then the hypothesis becomes a "Theory" (or a "Law"). If it does not bear out then the hypothesis must be modified or abandoned and Step 2 must be redone.