QG-Height or Pressure Tendency

Synoptic Scale Effects

Height (or Pressure) Change at Given Level (say, near the surface, 925 mb)
Proportional To
Vorticity Advection at that Level and/or Temperature Advection*

*(Really, differential temperature advection centered at the level)

and/or Sensible Temperature Change

*(Really, differential temperature change centered at the level)

and/or Friction
Term A Term B Term C Term D
Pressure
Development
Dynamic Pressure Systems
(Terms A and B)
Thermal Pressure Systems

QG-Omega Equation

Synoptic Scale Effects

Vertical Motion at Given Level (say, in the mid-troposphere)
Proportional To
Vorticity Advection *

*(Really, differential temperature advection centered at the level)

and/or Temperature Advection at that Level and/or Sensible Temperature Change at that Level and/or Friction
Term A Term B Term C Term D
Vertical
Motion
Vertical Motion: Dynamics
(Terms A and B)
Vertical Motion: Thermally-Induced

Non-synoptic Scale Effects (e.g., vertical motion associated with)

Fronts: Upward in warm air, downward in cold air

Thermodynamics: Spontaneous Upward Motion for Rising Air Parcels Above LFC